Scientists have created a simulation of a space base on Mars in the Makhtesh Ramon area in Israel’s Negev desert to carry out scientific experiments, Haaretz reports.

On Earth, Makhtesh Ramon is one the few places that resemble the conditions of Mars the most, including its remoteness, weather conditions, and soil composition.

More than 200 scientists from 25 countries are a part of the project, which was initiated by the Austrian Space Forum and supported by the space agencies of Europe and Israel.

Six astronauts from Israel, Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, and Portugal will live at the base for three weeks to conduct a series of experiments. They will spend this time in complete isolation from the outside world.

Scientists Develop Concrete Made of Human Blood and Space Dust
Transporting one brick to Mars can cost nearly $2 million, making the colonization of the Red Planet extremely costly. Therefore, scientists proposed using materials that can be found right on the planet for construction, as well as the astronauts themselves.

The experiments will include assessing how the astronauts’ microbiological contamination affects the Red Planet, checking their levels of depression and anxiety throughout the mission timeline, determining the required bandwidth for data transfer from Mars to Earth, testing the rover as well as spacesuits.

Spacesuits for the project have been in development for ten years. They weigh 50 kilograms and take 3 hours to put on. The suits are equipped with sensors to track various parameters.

The Martian base simulator is designed to generate as much electricity per day as the average household consumes.