NASA plans to launch two new missions to explore Venus by 2030, as stated in a recent statement. The department is allocating approximately $500 million for two missions, and their launch is planned for 2028-2030.
As stated by NASA:
“The missions aim to understand how Venus became an inferno-like world when it has so many other characteristics similar to ours – and may have been the first habitable world in the solar system, complete with an ocean and Earth-like climate.”
The DAVINCI+ mission will measure the composition of Venus's atmosphere to understand how it formed and evolved. The mission must also determine if an ocean once existed on the planet.
In addition, DAVINCI+ must transmit to Earth the first high-resolution images that will capture the planet's geological features, the so-called tesserae. Scientists believe that tesserae are similar to Earth's continents and suggest that plate tectonics is inherent in Venus.
The second VERITAS mission will map the planet's surface to understand its geological history and investigate how it happened to be different from that of the Earth. Also, this mission should establish whether volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occur on Venus.
The last time NASA explored Venus in detail was in the 1990s. After that, NASA vehicles only flew past Venus to study other planets.