NASA will reportedly deploy the first meteorological network on Mars. Specialized equipment will help organize planned manned missions and building modules for a human colony on the Red Planet.
It is noted that the launch of a meteorological network will start after the arrival of the Perseverance rover on Mars in February next year. The equipment of this device includes the Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer (MEDA) complex – a specialized system of sensors for measuring temperature, wind speed and direction, pressure, relative humidity, size and shape of dust particles.
The ability to measure the shape, size, and quantity of particles is especially important for NASA since dust plays a significant role in the planet’s weather. The MEDA will help scientists learn more about chemical processes on Mars.
Upon arrival, the new rover will have a number of tasks to complete. For example, it will collect samples for a future mission to retrieve and ship back to Earth. Also, one of the rover's missions will be to collect basic meteorological reports over the Red Planet using MEDA, including the direction and speed of the planet's wind, its temperature, humidity levels and pressure.
Perseverance’s MEDA meteorological system will work alongside the sensors of the Curiosity rover and the InSight lander. The joint work of the three spacecraft will provide the ability to compile detailed weather reports and predict possible storms on Mars, as well as create “the first meteorological network on another planet.”
The Perseverance rover was launched this summer and is scheduled to reach Mars on February 18, 2021. It will study Jezero Crater for signs of ancient life on the Red Planet as well as collect the first planetary samples and then send them to Earth.