According to several news resources, one of the goals of the algorithms is to figure out what dark matter and dark energy are, which, presumably, make up most of the universe.
Artificial intelligence is called Dark Emulator. He recreates the universe based on images taken with digital telescopes. At the moment, the machine has designed hundreds of universes, making models more and more accurate.
By understanding how AI emulates the universe, scientists hope to figure out its origin. Including not only to learn about its composition, but also to suggest what is hidden behind the field of view of telescopes.