At the Global Space Exploration Conference, the head of the China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT), Wang Xiaojun, said that China had planned a crewed flight to Mars in 2033. Crewed launches will take place in 2033, 2035, 2037, 2041, and 2043.

Chinese Rover Zhurong Began the Exploration of Mars
The main goal of the mission is to find possible traces of life on Mars and help scientists understand if conditions on the Red Planet may change in the future so that it becomes suitable for human life.

China intends to first send robots to explore the sites of the Red Planet, which are likely to receive a permanently habitable base and resource extraction systems. For starters, China plans to deliver Mars soil samples to Earth in 2030 during an uncrewed mission. The long-term plan is to use the potential resources of the Red Planet: to extract water from the depths, synthesize oxygen, and generate electricity.

During mission implementation, China will need to send robots into space and create technology for sending astronauts to Earth.

China Sent Astronauts to Its Orbital Station for the First Time in 5 Years
The spacecraft with three taikonauts on board successfully launched to the Tianhe space station, which China is building in low-earth orbit on its own. This is the PRC’s first manned flight since 2016.

China's plans also include a "third phase" in which flights to Mars will become commonplace. In the future, it will be possible to use multiple space stations to create a "sky ladder" of stops for travelers on the way to Mars.

To reduce travel time, spacecraft will have to use nuclear energy in the form of heat and electricity in addition to traditional rocket fuel.