Chinese Chang'e 5 mission was launched on November 23 this year. On December 1, the probe successfully landed on the Moon and is now expected to return back to Earth on December 16, 2020. The landing module of the Chinese automatic station Chang'e 5 has successfully reached the lunar surface and landed in the area of Mons Rümker, a high volcanic complex in a nearside region known as Oceanus Procellarum. It is located in the western part of the visible side of the natural satellite.
It should be noted that this is the first mission in the last 44 years to deliver lunar soil to Earth.
The spacecraft will collect about two kilos of Moon rock and dirt, and this operation should last 48 hours. At the same moment, the orbital module of the station with the vehicle returning to the Earth is ready for docking with the takeoff vehicle, which will transfer the capsule to it.
Chang'e 5 weighs about 8.2 tons and consists of four modules. One of them is intended for landing on the Moon, the other is for drilling the surface to a depth of two meters and extracting soil. The third is a takeoff module necessary to send a capsule with cargo from the surface of the Moon to the fourth, orbital module, which will get back to Earth.
The landing of the descent vehicle with the capsule on Earth is planned for December 16-17 in the north of China.