An international team of scientists led by the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa has discovered one of the youngest planets ever found outside the solar system thanks to a photo taken by a telescope.
The planet called 2M0437b was first discovered in 2018. Scientists have been studying it using various telescopes. The planet is located in the Taurus Cloud of the Taurus constellation, which is about 450 light-years from Earth.
2M0437b has a wider orbit than the solar system's planets, which makes it easier to observe. However, scientists still need sophisticated adaptive optics to compensate for image distortions the Earth's atmosphere causes.
The researchers calculated that the planet is several times more massive than Jupiter. Together with its star, it was formed about 2-5 million years ago, whereas the Earth was formed over 4.5 billion years ago. The planet is so young that the energy released during its formation still keeps it hot.
Hubble and James Webb telescopes will continue to study the exoplanet, particularly which gases its atmosphere consists of. This will help scientists better understand the solar system and Earth's origin.